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Geography Ncert Video Lectures

Geography Ncert Video Lectures 2020
Geography is a crucial subject in the civil service exam, covered in both Prelims and Mains papers, Geography subject covers Indian Geography and World geography for UPSC.
The concepts covered in the UPSC Syllabus:
Physical Geography
Environmental Geography
Human Geography

Why many civil services – IAS exam candidates choose Geography?
The geography and environment are closed related subjects. Both the subjects cover around 30-40 percent of objective type questions in General Studies paper-I at the preliminary level.
Besides, geography covers 50 percent of geography part of GS Paper-II and around 25 percent environment and disaster management section of GS paper IV at mains examination.
Many experts feel that the knowledge of geography is slowly and steadily increased the students’ ability to answer questions related to paper IV of Economic Development which includes food security, crop pattern, and infrastructure.

The best source to study geography subject for civil service- Indian Administrative Service Exam is NCERT books and candidates should prepare from them. Making notes is the best way to keep the study material in a planned order for revision. Many times it has seen that civil service candidates find it difficult to get information about the important topics to focus on and there are many candidates who do not have enough money or other resources to make notes or study the full syllabus of the subject. Keeping all this in mind VISION IAS has made a compilation of videos of all the topics relevant for the geography exam. These videos are cover all the topics from NCERT books, relevant, up to date, explained in a simple manner in simple language, and the videos are from the best facility to make sure that the candidates get all the information for the exam preparation. These videos have focused on topics: Geomorphology, Climatology, Economic Geography, Regional Planning, Oceanography, Resources, Agriculture, Transport, Communication and Trade in India, Perspectives in Human Geography, Biogeography, Environmental Geography, Population and Settlement Geography, Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography, Physical and Cultural Setting of India, and Contemporary Ecological Issues and Biodiversity.

Why is it so that candidates should first read NCERT then other sources of material available?
The civil service exam candidates are generally advised to read the NCERT Books before moving on to any other material available to them, the reason behind it is really simple and clear because NCERT helps you build a strong foundation as your concepts are clear. After analyzing the previous year’s question papers, it is clear that questions are consistently asked directly or indirectly from NCERT books. NCERT books have concise and compact coverage of any topics which are mentioned in UPSC Civil Services Syllabus.

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UPSC geography exam-related queries

Query -1 Which is the relevant books for the preparation of geography civil service – IAS exam?
Answer – List of books recommended by the popular lecture for the preparation of geography civil service – IAS exam.
Certificate of Physical & Human Geography – Goh Cheng Leong
Objective Indian & World Geography – Majid Husain
Geography of India – Majid Hussain
World Geography – Majid Hussain
Books of NCERT on Geography

Query – 2 Is NCERT book enough for civil service – IAS exam?
Answer – As I have mentioned earlier that if one is preparing for civil service – IAS exam, one should only keep the focus and study from NCERT Books. However, there are two types of candidates one who has the capability of good grasping of the content of the syllabus and another one who does not have this capability of grasping. For both the category candidates it is a must to study NCERT books but they should also prepare current affairs from different sources.

Query – 3 Is G.C. Leong enough for civil service – prelims exam preparation?
Answer – G.C. Leong is a good book for Geography and should be studied for both civil service Prelims and Mains exam. However, aspirants should study NCERT Geography for civil service – IAS before studying G.C Leong as the subject is covered in detail.

Query – 4 What is economic, physical, and social geography of India?
Answer – The Geography subject is divided into 3 sub – concept for civil service – IAS exam economic, physical, and social for a better understanding of geography. They are further divided into sub-concepts:
Economic Geography of India: Livestock and agriculture, power and mineral resources, industries, trade, and transportation.
Physical Geography of India: Climate, drainage and river systems, biodiversity, physiography, and soils
Social Geography of India: Religion, language, and demographic structure.

Query – 5 Can we clear civil service – IAS exam without coaching?
Answer – Nothing is impossible, so it is possible to clear civil service – IAS exam in 1st attempt without coaching but you have to make sure that you are disciplined and maintain discipline while preparing for the exam. Self – study requires the candidate to structure their study plan and study focus from a limited set of books incompletion to coaching where they will get structured study material.

Query – 6 What is the salary of civil service – IAS officer?
Answer – Currently, the basic pay at the entry-level of the IAS officer is Rs. 56,100. The total salary goes up to Rs. 1,30,000 per month but deductions for various reasons including tax, welfare funds, and PF are deducted from this total.

Query – 7 Can I prepare for IAS in just 3 months?
Answer -. Yes, it is possible to prepare. But the level of preparation should be extremely high and it requires a lot of intense studying and a lot more time should be devoted to solving the previous year’s questions than a normal candidate.

Query – 8 Do civil service – IAS officers paid during training?
Answer – civil service – IAS officers are paid from the day they join LBSNAA.

Query – 9 what is the duration of IAS training?
Answer – IAS Training at LBSNAA lasts for 75 weeks.

Query – 10 Highest post of IAS officer is?
Answer –
The highest post that an IAS officer can get is the Chief Secretary of the Government of India.
If the IAS officer is posted in a state, then the highest post they can reach is Chief Secretary of The State Government.

Syllabus of Geography as per UPSC

Paper-I

Principles of Geography Physical Geography:

  1. Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Vulcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development ; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope development ; Applied Geomorphology : Geohydrology, economic geology and environment.
  2. Climatology: Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation; atmospheric stability and instability. Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and fronto Genesis, Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen’s, Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’s classification of world climates; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic change and role and response of man in climatic changes, Applied climatology and Urban climate.
  3. Oceanography: Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Ocean deposits; Waves, currents and tides; Marine resources: biotic, mineral and energy resources; Coral reefs, coral bleaching; sea level changes; law of the sea and marine pollution.
  4. Biogeography: Genesis of soils; Classification and distribution of soils; Soil profile; Soil erosion, Degradation and conservation; Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Problems of deforestation and conservation measures; Social forestry; agro-forestry; Wild life; Major gene pool centres.
  5. Environmental Geography: Principle of ecology; Human ecological adaptations; Influence of man on ecology and environment; Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances; Ecosystem their management and conservation; Environmental degradation, management and conservation; Biodiversity and sustainable development; Environmental policy; Environmental hazards and remedial measures; Environmental education and legislation.

Human Geography

  1. Perspectives in Human Geography: Areal differentiation; regional synthesis; Dichotomy and dualism; Environmentalism; Quantitative revolution and locational analysis; radical, behavioural, human and welfare approaches; Languages, religions and secularization; Cultural regions of the world; Human development index.
  2. Economic Geography:World economic development: measurement and problems; World resources and their distribution; Energy crisis; the limits to growth; World agriculture: typology of agricultural regions; agricultural inputs and productivity; Food and nutrition problems; Food security; famine: causes, effects and remedies; World industries:locational patterns and problems; patterns of world trade.
  3. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. Types and patterns of rural settlements; Environmental issues in rural settlements; Hierarchy of urban settlements; Urban morphology: Concepts of primate city and rank-size rule; Functional classification of towns; Sphere of urban influence; Rural – urban fringe; Satellite towns; Problems and remedies of urbanization; Sustainable development of cities.
  4. Regional Planning:Concept of a region; Types of regions and methods of regionalisation; Growth centres and growth poles; Regional imbalances; regional development strategies; environmental issues in regional planning; Planning for sustainable development.
  5. Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography: Systems analysis in Human geography; Malthusian, Marxian and demographic transition models; Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch;Perroux and Boudeville; Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location; Weber’s model of industrial location; Ostov’s model of stages of growth.

PART II
Geography Of India
1. Physical Setting: Space relationship of India with neighboring countries; Structure and relief; Drainage system and watersheds; Physiographic regions; Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns, Tropical cyclones and western disturbances; Floods and droughts; Climatic regions; Natural vegetation; Soil types and their distributions.

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  1. Resources: Land, surface and ground water, energy, minerals, biotic and marine resources; Forest and wild life resources and their conservation; Energy crisis.
  2. Agriculture: Infrastructure: irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power; Institutional factors: land holdings, land tenure and land reforms; Cropping pattern, agricultural productivity, agricultural intensity, crop combination, land capability; Agro and social-forestry; Green revolution and its socio- economic and ecological implications; Significance of dry farming; Livestock resources and white revolution; aqua – culture; sericulture, apiculture and poultry; agricultural regionalisation; agro-climatic zones; agroecological regions.
  3. Industry: Evolution of industries: Locational factors of cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, aluminium, fertilizer, paper, chemical and pharmaceutical, automobile, cottage and agro-based industries; Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings; Industrial regionali-sation; New industrial policies; Multinationals and liberalization; Special Economic Zones; Tourism including eco – tourism.
  4. Transport, Communication and Trade: Road, railway, waterway, airway and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development; Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade; Trade balance; Trade Policy; Export processing zones; Developments in communication and information technology and their impacts on economy and society; Indian space programme.
  5. Cultural Setting: Historical Perspective of Indian Society:Racial, linguistic and ethnic diversities; religious minorities; major tribes, tribal areas and their problems; cultural regions; Growth, distribution and density of population; Demographic attributes: sex-ratio, age structure, literacy rate, work-force, dependency ratio, longevity; migration (inter-regional, intra- regional and international) and associated problems; Population problems and policies; Health indicators.
  6. Settlements:Types, patterns and morphology of rural settlements; Urban developments; Morphology of Indian cities; Functional classification of Indian cities; Conurbations and metropolitan regions; urban sprawl; Slums and associated problems; town planning; Problems of urbanization and remedies.
  7. Regional Development and Planning:Experience of regional planning in India; Five Year Plans; Integrated rural development programmes; Panchayati Raj and decentralised planning; Command area development; Watershed management; Planning for backward area, desert, drought prone, hill, tribal area development; multi-level planning; Regional planning and development of island territories.
  8. Political Aspects:Geographical basis of Indian federalism; State reorganisation; Emergence of new states; Regional consciousness and inter state issues; international boundary of India and related issues; Cross border terrorism; India’s role in world affairs; Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm.
  9. Contemporary Issues: Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: landslides, earthquakes, Tsunamis, floods and droughts, epidemics; Issues relating to environmental pollution; Changes in patterns of land use; Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management; Population explosion and food security; Environmental degradation; Deforestation, desertification and soil erosion; Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest; Regional disparities in economic development; Concept of sustainable growth and development; Environmental awareness; Linkage of rivers; Globalisation and Indian economy.

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