In this we discuss about the Product Indian and world geography for UPSC ,environment and ecology Book. In this mention all about world Geography for better preparation of UPSC Coaching, because this is also important topic for UPSC.
INDIAN AND WORLD GEOGRAPHY FOR UPSC
Geography is a crucial paper of General Studies Paper-I of IAS (UPSC CSE) Prelims as well as IAS Mains. It is scoring and has an average of 18-25 marks weightage in the prelims exam every year. it is easy to grasp and interesting- making it a great choice as optional and easy to prepare. In IAS, the primary focus is on every aspect of Indian Geography but questions from world geography are quite common too. in prelims, this is limited to questions on countries and capitals, national parks, famous locations and the reason behind their fame, endangered flora and fauna, and international organizations related to the subject, to name a few.
IAS Prelims and Mains syllabus is majorly inspired by the CBSE curriculum which is why the NCERT books are a good choice for basic preparation and familiarizing yourselves with the topics. Apart from these books, for in-depth studies, refer at most to 2- 3 sources and then revise it a few times until you feel like you have the concept in your hand and can deal with any questions from this topic.
WHAT IS THE WORLD GEOGRAPHY?
Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth’s surface and the human societies spread across it. They also examine how human culture interacts with the natural environment and the way that locations and places can have an impact on people. Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time.
WHY STUDY WORLD GEOGRAPHY?
A holistic view of geography encompasses a major portion of the UPSC syllabus, especially Indian physical geography for general studies paper 1 and economic and environmental Indian geography for general studies paper 3.Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2017. Conceptual understanding of geography is crucial for scoring in both UPSC IAS Prelims and UPSC IAS Mains. Now the most important question is how to approach such a vast portion.
Steps to approach World geography:
- Learn the keywords of the geography portion of the UPSC syllabus to help you identify the vital information to be extracted from any study material.
- The major part can be finished from NCERTs and GC Leong. It is advisable to do this portion first as it will brush up your fundamental knowledge as well as help you in Prelims Exam.
- Now pick up one topic at a time, for example, disaster management –has three parts in the syllabus –Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc, and Security and Disaster Management. Study them from the sources given below.
- Make a list of vital topics from economic and Indian geography required for general studies paper 3.
- -Indian agriculture
- -Indian industries
- -Population and settlements facts like child sex ratio, birth rate, etc.
- Prepare separate notes on important current affairs related to geographical phenomena like El-Niño, polar vertex, etc. It will help you enhance your answers in the main. Strategy for Indian Economy for IAS Exam
Environment & Ecology for UPSC Prelims & Mains
Important topics to be focused on for Environment & Ecology are listed below. They are relevant for both Prelims as well as Mains exams. One can expect a topic related to this for the UPSC Essay paper as well.
- Environmental Ecology
- Climate Change
- Acts/Laws/Policies related to the Environment
Analysis of Environment & Ecology for UPSC Prelims & Mains
Since 2011, environment and ecology topics play a major role in the UPSC Prelims Exam. As per the trend analysis for the environment section of the UPSC prelims exam, anywhere between 10 to 20 questions are asked on average. As per the UPSC Prelims syllabus, General issues on Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Environmental ecology that do not need subject specialization are part of the environment section. Usually, candidates tend to neglect these subjects as they feel it is very easy. But this can result in scoring negative marks. A strong basic understanding of the Environment topics is enough to deal with the questions from the Environment and ecology segment.
Ecology is the study of organisms and how they interact with the environment around them. An ecologist studies the relationship between living things and their habitats. To learn about the natural world, ecologists must study multiple aspects of life ranging from the moss that grows on rocks to the wolf population in Yellowstone National Park.
DETAILS of Ecology
Ecology first began gaining popularity in the 1960s, when environmental issues were rising to the forefront of public awareness. Although scientists have been studying the natural world for centuries, ecology in the modern sense has only been around since the 19th century. Eventually, this led to the study of how animals interacted with plants, and other animals, and shaped the ecosystems in which they lived. Today, modern ecologists build on the data collected by their predecessors and continue to pass on information about the ecosystems around the world. The information they gather continues to affect the future of our planet. Human activity plays an important role in the health of ecosystems all around the world. Pollution emitted from fossil fuels or factories can contaminate the food supply for a species, potentially changing an entire food web. Introducing a new species from another part of the world into an unfamiliar environment can have unintended and negative impacts on local lifeforms. These kinds of organisms are called invasive species. Invasive species can be any form of living organism that is brought by humans to a new part of the world where they have no natural predators. The addition or subtraction of a single species from an ecosystem can create a domino effect on many others, whether that be from the spread of disease or overhunting.
The environment is included in the GS III paper in UPSC CS (Main) and in General Studies in Prelims. Since 2013, the Prelims for Indian Forest Services is combined with the UPSC Civil Services, which is why the weightage of the environment topic has increased. General Studies papers are asked about the environment topic, hence it is important to prepare them extremely well. Secondly, issues like global warming and climate change have become some of the major issues of the 21st century, hence, a thorough knowledge in this area would enable the potential bureaucrats to ensure they are able to implement their knowledge in policymaking. We’ve listed the micro-topics for environment and ecology for UPSC and also discussed the preparation strategy to effectively cover the syllabus.